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Equalizer Polygraph & Investigations, LLC

Because the truth matters...
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Frequently Asked Questions
 
Why use a polygraph exam?
 
Have you ever been falsely accused? Do you need to clear your name? A polygraph exam can help you establish your innocence. It can be your Equalizer!
 
Protect your business from employee theft. If you have a specific investigation involving a monetary loss with suspects, Equalizer Polygraph can help you solve your case by utilizing a polygraph examination. Rely on us at Equalizer Polygraph and let the truth come out.
 
 
Q: What is a Polygraph?
A: The term "polygraph" literally means "many writings." The name refers to the manner in which selected physiological activities are simultaneously recorded. Polygraph examiners may use conventional instruments, sometimes referred to as analog instruments, or computerized polygraph instruments.

It is important to understand what a polygraph examination entails. A polygraph instrument will collect physiological data from at least three systems in the human body. Convoluted rubber tubes that are placed over the examinee's chest and abdominal area will record respiratory activity. Two small metal plates, attached to the fingers, will record sweat gland activity, and a blood pressure cuff, or similar device will record cardiovascular activity.

A typical polygraph examination will include a period referred to as a pre-test, a chart collection phase and a test data analysis phase. In the pre-test, the polygraph examiner will complete required paperwork and talk with the examinee about the test. During this period, the examiner will discuss the questions to be asked and familiarize the examinee with the testing procedure. During the chart collection phase, the examiner will administer and collect a number of polygraph charts. Following this, the examiner will analyze the charts and render an opinion as to the truthfulness of the person taking the test.
 
The examiner, when appropriate, will offer the examinee an opportunity to explain physiological responses in relation to one or more questions asked during the test. It is important to note that a polygraph does not include the analysis of physiology associated with the voice. Instruments that claim to record voice stress are not polygraphs and have not been shown to have scientific support.

Q: Who uses Polygraph Examinations?
A: The three segments of society that use the polygraph include law enforcement agencies, the legal community, and the private sector. They are further described as follows:

Law Enforcement Agencies - Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, State Law Enforcement Agencies, and Local Law Enforcement Agencies such as Police and Sheriff's Departments and Department of Corrections.

Legal Community - U.S. Attorney Offices, District Attorney Offices, Public Defender Offices, Defense Attorneys, Parole & Probation Departments, Attorneys involved in civil litigation.

Private Sector - Companies and Corporations under the restrictions and limitations of the Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 (EPPA). Private citizens in matters not involving the legal or criminal justice system

Q: What is the Scope of the Test Questions?
A: Prohibitive Inquiries - Personal and intrusive questions have no place in a properly conducted polygraph examination. Many state licensing laws, the Employee Polygraph Protection Act, as well as the American Polygraph Association, has so stated in language similar to the following:
 
NO EXAMINER SHOULD INQUIRE INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING AREAS DURING PRE-EMPLOYMENT OR PERIODIC EMPLOYMENT EXAMINATIONS:

• religious beliefs or affiliations
• beliefs or opinions regarding racial matters
• political beliefs or affiliations
• beliefs, affiliations or lawful activities regarding unions or labor organizations
• sexual preferences or activities

In a law enforcement pre-employment polygraph examination, the questions focus on such job related inquiries as the theft of money or merchandise from previous employers, falsification of information on the job applications, the use of illegal drugs during working hours and criminal activities. The test questions are limited in the time span they cover, and all are reviewed and discussed with the examinee during a pre-test interview before any polygraph testing is done. There are no surprise or trick questions.

In a specific issue polygraph examination the relevant questions focus on the particular act under investigation.